Welcome to the world of GeoDivining
the Hydrogeological, Mineral & Oil Exploration Consultancy that brings the Earth Sciences of Geology & Geophysics together with the
ancient arts of Water Divining & Dowsing


to the world of

About GeoDivining International
Leaders in Remote Sensory Surveying for Groundwater Development


Geodivining is a unique geoprospecting method developed by the British South African geologist and water diviner, Doug Bates, who came to Scotland in 1991 with valuable and broad geological experience gained in Southern Africa where he worked for Tg Exploration (a subsidiary of Texasgulf Inc. USA). Working in Scotland, he extended his knowledge to include the richly varied geological environments of Scotland, England and Wales, and combined it with his interest in (and ancestral history of) the ancient intuitive art of water divining, or "dowsing".

This unique synthesis of the science of geology and the art of divining found a ready market in Scotland, and led to the foundation of Geodivining International in 1994. Since then the business has developed rapidly, expanding into mineral and oil exploration, and developing international markets.

Working with all the major water well drillers in Scotland, since 1994 we have successfully found new good quality water supplies for over 2500 clients, ranging from domestic drinking water supplies to large scale irrigation and industrial developments, with unrivalled drilling success rates for high-yield water supplies.

Recent successes include a 120m deep 180,000 litre/hour borehole for a natural mineral water bottling development near Dumfries; a 140m deep 72,000 l/hr test borehole at Longannet Power Station in Fife; Two 108m deep boreholes at Gleneagles Hotel and Golf Courses with a combined yield of 70,000 l/hr; a 100m deep 100,000 l/hr irrigation borehole (cover photograph) at Burnside of Boysack, Arbroath, which has the strongest artesian flow ever found in Scotland; and many farm irrigation wells in the dry East coast regions of Angus, Fife, and Lothian, yielding 45,000 to 90,000 l/hr of high quality ground-water, often in places where general hydrological prospects were poor, and where previous single or multiple drilling attempts had been unsuccessful.

Even in the hard non-porous igneous and metamorphic rocks of the Highlands and Islands and Grampian regions we regularly find good quality domestic, agricultural, and industrial water supplies, in boreholes of 30 - 90m depth yielding 500 to 50,000 l/hr proven in many places where ordinary hydrological advice was not to drill, and where previous drilling attempts had failed. In one such example, for Sangs (Banff) Ltd, Geodivining accurately pinpointed and assessed a source that yields a constant supply of 11,700 l/hr from a 60m well in the Precambrian Macduff slate formation, in a half-hectare hilltop site that had previously been drilled, to the same depth, 8 times without success!

All of these failed boreholes were in close proximity to the successful well; two of them within 10m! This example is one of many that serve to graphically demonstrate the distinct advantages of our accurate geoprospecting techniques; particularly the degree of precision that is possible and necessary to be sure of a successful outcome in this type of environment.

The Sangs borehole being drilled, August 1995… Doug located an intersection of 2 deep near-vertical faults or fractures and carefully marked an exact drilling site for optimum productivity. He forecast a sustainable yield of 2600 gallons/hour (11700 l/hr) from a productive zone intersecting both fractures between 150ft and 200ft (45 to 60m). Drilling intersected the first productive fracture at 150-165ft and the second at 186-195ft, and proved a 30 day test yield of 3000 gall/hr and a sustainable yield of 2600 gall/hr.

Using Doug's thorough and precise hydrogeological / water divining survey methods, we maintain a high full-satisfaction success-rate, consistently above 85% on first-attempt water well drilling, and over 95% of our clients finish up with an adequate water supply. Our boreholes typically outperform the normal hydrological yield expectations by factors of 2x to 20x.

Our unique combination of geoscientific know-how and intuitive water divining skill has resulted in an extraordinary track record of success and a reputation in the water development industry second to none. Our results prove unequivocally that even in this technological age, the human mind-brain-body trinity is still the most sensitive, versatile and accurate remote-sensory geophysical instrument known to man.

Doug Bates, using a traditional forked-stick divining rod to exactly locate the deep faults and fractures which are the natural conduits for rapid groundwater flow in most bedrock formations.

"Basic water divining like this will work for most people who give it half a chance," says Doug; "It's an innate ability that we all have to some degree, but like all skills it takes long and dedicated practice to perfect the art."

One of the most amazing aspects of advanced water divining is its goal-oriented nature.

Doug has repeatedly demonstrated his ability to screen out unwanted signals and selectively locate the highest yielding source in a given area, the nearest source capable of producing a given minimum yield, or the best source in a given depth range; and to selectively measure and forecast drilling depths and yields.

"It's all in the mind," says Doug, "Successful divining is all about logical thought and being specific, so the more logical and specific you are, the better it works." This is where Doug's geological training is valuable because he knows what to look for in different geological environments, and how to apply scientifically disciplined logic to his prospecting techniques. "The body and rod can be thought of as an instrument that can apprehend a target in a number of ways," he says, "but it is the diviner's mind that sets the mode of operation, and calibrates the instrument to recognise pre-selected target criteria."

We owe our remarkable success to these unique survey methods which almost infallibly identify the best drilling locations even in the most difficult geological environments; principally on major vertical or sub-vertical geostructural aquifers such as faults, joint fissures, fracture zones, and sometimes dyke margins, which act as major conduits for groundwater flow in nearly all rock formations, and are most favourably disposed for productive intersection by vertical boreholes.

We do not pick and choose our customers. In fact, we have never turned down a job, however small, distant, or difficult; and naturally it is in areas where water is most difficult to find that our Geodivining services are most frequently in demand. For the service we provide our fees are modest; and most clients consider us to be good value for money. Clients in the U.K. are offered the option of paying an hourly rate, or buying a money-back guarantee. Our guaranteed survey fees are fairly and affordably linked to the minimum yield requirements of each client, catering for all jobs from domestic supplies as little as 100 l/hr, to large agricultural and industrial supplies up to a maximum guaranteeable yield of 100,000 l/hr.

No survey job is too small, too large, too distant, or too difficult for us to tackle efficiently and economically.
We aim always to locate and delineate the best available sources of groundwater in terms of both yield and quality, and to assess their productive depth range and their continuously sustainable yield potential, also taking into account many environmental, logistical and convenience factors, before careful selection of the exact drilling positions. This enables us to match water sources to our clients' water supply requirements, thus fully satisfying their needs with a single borehole in over 80% of cases.

Such precision can not be achieved by any other survey method. In groundwater surveying Geodivining is still well ahead of even the most expensive state-of-the-art geophysics. Furthermore, our techniques are non-intrusive, efficient, and highly cost-effective.

No other hydrogeological consultancy in the U.K. offers such a high degree of commitment to getting it right, and responsibility for occasionally getting it wrong. Our guaranteed commitment to no-nonsense realism and precision in assessing groundwater prospects ensures that we always give our clients the best possible advice; and although we often confidently recommend drilling where others might not dare, or have already failed, this self-regulating duty of care is reflected in our remarkable and continuous record of successful groundwater development.

Associated development costs are among the lowest in the industry. Conventional hydrogeological prospecting, even employing the extensive use of time-consuming and often costly geophysics, is generally not able to deliver the kind of detailed site-specific information that Geodivining routinely discovers, until a number of test boreholes have been drilled; and even then, the best sources may sometimes remain undiscovered. Because Geodivining is so accurate and goal-oriented, test drilling is seldom necessary on developments surveyed in this way, and our production boreholes typically achieve higher yields for less drilling, than most conventionally sited boreholes. Geodivining is therefore an excellent stand-alone survey method for all groundwater developments where budgetary constraints prevent the use of geophysical surveying and the conventional test-drilling approach.

On most groundwater developments, savings on drilling and other development costs can be quite substantial, justifying our survey fees many times over, even where thorough geological and geophysical surveying has already been planned or completed. We do not mean to imply that conventional surveying is of less value than Geodivining. On the contrary, the broader base on which conventional methods operate is essential for larger scale aquifer assessment and development, and achieves a great deal that our selective goal-oriented methods do not.

The two methods overlap, but are also distinctly different in their approach, execution, and results, and for the best results they should ideally be used together. The whole idea of Geodivining is to achieve this union between geoscience and the art of divining and apply it to the benefit of all our clients.

The implications for large projects and regional development programs are enormous. Our consistently high success rate and high yield to depth ratios generally enhance project productivity at least two-fold, and sometimes four or five fold, effectively saving large sums of money and enabling much more productive work to be done within a given budget. (We have a separate 11-page article by Doug Bates, originally published in the water forum of the Global Water Partnership. Copies are available by request or on the internet at http://www.gwpforum.org under the heading of "general discussion"; which gives a brief history of water divining, some illustrative examples, and detailed discussion of the practical and economic benefits to government organisations and N.G.Os.)

The commercial value of Geodivining to Mining companies and Oil & Gas companies is likewise enormous. The combination of conventional and unconventional exploration techniques that we can bring to bear in the search for these natural resources is a powerful tool for increasing productivity in all stages of exploration and resource development work. (We also have separate articles by Doug Bates, on the subjects of Mineral Exploration and Oil Exploration, available by request to companies and individuals involved in these industries.)

Who uses Groundwater, How much, and Why ?

Private Rural Home Owners and New Home Builders. 500 to 3,000 l/day
100 to 1,000 l/hr
Public water supply not available, or too distant to connect to economically. Personal preference for natural groundwater instead of treated or recycled water.
Hamlets, Crofts, and Smallholdings. 2,000 to 15,000 l/day
500 to 5,000 l/hr
Existing surface or shallow well supplies are often polluted with bacteria, nitrates, agro-chemicals, oil, etc; or may be inadequate or seasonally unreliable.
Poultry farms and egg producers. 5,000 to 30,000 l/day
1,000 to 10,000 l/hr
Existing supplies are often inadequate for larger more intensive modern farming methods and modern standards of hygiene and animal welfare.
Stock Farms, and Dairy Farms. 10,000 to 50,000 l/day
2,000 to 10,000 l/hr
Metered water, if available, is a major expense for farmers today, typically costing 1,000 to 10,000 p.a.
Small Agricultural Industries such as fruit, potato, or vegetable washing & processing, Oil-seed processing, Farm Creameries, etc. 10,000 to 100,000 l/day
2,000 to 20,000 l/hr
For this sector, metered water may cost 2,000 to 20,000 p.a. This is a substantial rising overhead that affects both profitability and viability of many small businesses, making a modest capital investment in private borehole developments an attractive option. Boreholes usually deliver the high quality water needed.
Nurseries & Garden Centres, Public Parks and Sports Grounds. 20,000 to 200,000 l/day
5,000 to 40,000 l/hr
Water used mainly for irrigation, water features, etc; Public water supply is often not readily available for such purposes, and may be prohibitively expensive.
Golf Courses, and large public parks & amenities. 50,000 to 1,000,000 l/day
5,000 to 100,000 l/hr
Larger scale consumption makes public water supply prohibitively expensive in nearly all cases.
Sand & Gravel Quarries, Washers & Graders.
Concrete Production.
50,000 to 2,000,000 l/day
5,000 to 200,000 l/hr
Surface waters may be treated and used where available and water recycling systems are often used, but ground-water development is increasingly the most practical, economic, and environmentally friendly alternative.
Natural Mineral Water & Soft Drinks Producers. 100,000 to 2,000,000 l/day
10,000 to 200,000 l/hr
Natural mineral water must be top quality groundwater, free of microbiological and chemical contaminants.
Breweries, Maltings, and Distilleries. 200,000 to 2,000,000 l/day
20,000 to 200,000 l/hr
Chlorinated water is expensive and undesirable for soft drinks production and brewing. Sulphate in groundwater may enhance brewing & malting processes.
Large Food Processing & Manufacturing industries. 200,000 to 3,000,000 l/day
20,000 to 300,000 l/hr
High Quality Groundwater is a valuable commodity to these industries. Public supply may cost 30,000 to over 500,000 in some cases.
Fish Farms, Hatcheries, & other Aquaculture. 200,000 to 5,000,000 l/day
10,000 to 500,000 l/hr
Unlike surface waters, Groundwater is usually free of microbiological pathogens, and has relatively constant temperature all year; typically between 7 and 12 deg. C. Characteristics greatly beneficial to aquaculture.
Arable Farm Irrigation. 500,000 to 10,000,000 l/day
50,000 to 1,000,000 l/hr
Use of surface waters may be restricted or prohibited. Groundwater development for irrigation improves crop yields and quality, and enhances land value.
Heavy Industries, cooling & fire control systems, Power Stations, Chemical Works, Paper Mills, etc.
Civil Engineering, Mining.
500,000 to 50,000,000 l/day
50,000 to 2,500,000 l/hr
Public water supply can cost Millions. At these levels of consumption, where groundwater is available in large sustainable quantities, it presents a resource of immense economic importance to agriculture and industry.
Public Water Supply. 500,000 - 500,000,000 l/day
25,000 to 25,000,000 l/hr
Excellent quality groundwater resources are found in many places, needing less filtration and treatment than typical surface water supplies. Boreholes are cheaper to develop and maintain than reservoirs, and less wasteful.



ph: 07828-417841 / email: geodivining@hotmail.com
3 Bridge Street, Dollar, Clackmannanshire, FK14 7DF, Scotland, UK